<%@ Language=JavaScript %> ATPase inhibitors suppress actinomycin D-induced apoptosis in leukemia cells.

Actinomycin D:

Anticancer Res 2002 Sep-Oct;22(5):2907-11  

ATPase inhibitors suppress actinomycin D-induced apoptosis in leukemia cells.

Shiono Y, Fujita Y, Oka S, Yamazaki Y.

Research Institute of Biological Resources, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8566, Japan.

BACKGROUND: Apoptosis is mediated by many kinds of enzymes such as caspases, DNase and protein kinases. Recently, ATPase has been shown to be involved in the apoptotic system, but its role is not fully understood. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We investigated the effect of 8 species of ATPase inhibitors on actinomycin D plus colcemid-induced apoptosis in human megakaryoblastic leukemia CMK-7 cells by monitoring caspase-3 activation and DNA cleavage. RESULTS: 2,3-Butanedione monoxime (BDM), lansoprazole, cyclopiazonic acid, geldanamycin and radicicol suppressed the apoptosis. Among these compounds, geldanamycin was the strongest suppressor of both caspase-3 activation and DNA cleavage. Furthermore, Western blotting showed that radicicol suppressed the proteolytic cleavage of procaspase-9 more strongly than BDM, lansoprazole or cyclopiazonic acid. CONCLUSION: Since geldanamycin and radicicol are specific inhibitors of the ATPase in HSP90, the present result implies that ATPase activity in HSP90 plays some role in this apoptosis.

PMID: 12530016 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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